An individual tooth can be composed of several important layers, among them is the tooth pulp. The pulp is where the root canal is contained, and also includes nerves and blood vessels. The tooth pulp helps with maintaining blood flow and ensure the tooth remains alive. Since there are numerous layers of nerves surrounding the root, infection can be a possibility.
Infection can occur through an inflammation of the pulp, which is known as pulpitis. This also creates the chance of possible abscess in your tooth. If the area becomes inflamed and left untreated, the pulp may be vulnerable to deterioration.
A dentist may refer you to an endodontist if the severity of the infection becomes heightened. A root canal procedure may also be recommended, where the dentist will remove the pulp, clean and seal the area to prevent further infection.
When root canal is performed, the infected pulp area is cleaned and cleared of any infections. Some normal post-treatment symptoms to expect are redness, soreness, and some tenderness. If you experience severe pain following treatment, contact your dentist for an appointment as soon as possible. Some analgesics may be prescribed to help treat the pain, but it is important to seek early treatment to ensure it is addressed.
There may be cases where the area continues to experience pain even after treatment. The tooth may not even be viable enough to save. In these conditions, tooth extraction and dental implant may be recommended as solutions.